Each year, thousands of car accidents with drunk drivers cause tragedy and grief, making it one of the top causes of automobile accidents. Drinking impairs your senses (vision and hearing) and results in decreased muscle coordination and slower reaction times — not a good combination for driving a car.
Although there is no accurate statistics of drunk driving related auto crashes in Nigeria, FRSC records show that over 1,000 lives are lost annually to road accident.
The FRSC said it would do all it could to reduce the figure of death toll on road accidents.
The drunk driver often survives, but tragically, innocent people are usually killed. This paradox can only be remedied with stricter laws, better enforcement and increased sobriety checkpoints. The goal is to arrest more people that drive under the influence of alcohol (DUI) to get them off the road.
Your BAC (Blood Alcohol Content) level is defined as the percentage of alcohol in your blood, and it is the most common method of measuring one’s drunkenness.
Here are the effects of differing degrees of intoxication:
BAC Level: .01 to .03 — An average person appears normal. Impairment is subtle and can be detected by special tests that show a slight decline in visual and multitasking functions.
BAC Level: .03 to .06 — A person begins to feel a calming sensation. The effects range from mild euphoria, increased sense of well-being, relaxation, talkativeness, joyousness and decrease inhibition. Impairment increases as alertness, judgment, coordination and concentration begin to be affected.
BAC Level: .06 to .10 — When a person reaches this level of intoxication, obvious physical effects begin to appear. Reflexes, reasoning, depth perception, distance viewing, peripheral vision and glare now become serious impairments to a driver and car accidents become more likely. Drunk drivers at the legal BAC limit of .08 are 11 times more likely to get in a car accident than a sober person.
BAC Level: .11 to .20 — These high intoxication levels show a person that would appear very drunk. Behavioral changes include over-expression, emotional swings (angry or sad) and the person is likely to be rowdy. Impairments include a slower reaction time, loss of motor control, staggering and slurred speech — definitely not the characteristics of someone that you would want driving.
BAC Level: .20 & Up — Having this high a BAC results in an individual that begins to lose any and all judgment and motor function. There is severe motor impairment, loss of consciousness, loss of memory (blacking out) and — as BAC levels approach .30 and higher — death by alcohol poisoning becomes very possible.
What this all means is that no one should ever drive a car after having a drink. Even one drink — which would lead to a low BAC level — has been proven to impair vision and can make for a more distracted driver. As BAC levels increase, drivers become more and more likely to cause a car accident as these effects only worsen.
All Drunk Driving Accidents Are Preventable
Police officers across the country are also doubling their efforts to arrest DUI offenders, who often lose their license upon even their first such offense. There are many ways to combat this problem, but the easiest way to prevent a DUI is to educate people to make better decisions.
There are many ways that you can prevent drunk driving accidents. For instance, something as simple as a designated driver saves people from car accidents. By putting a sober person behind the wheel, everyone can feel free to have a good time at the bar without putting anyone’s life at risk on the road.
If we can continue to educate people on the dangers of drunk-driving (DUI) car accidents, then maybe we will one day eliminate these terrible auto accidents. Just remember, one drink is too many if you plan on driving, so always have a sober person take care of the driving.